What is pop3s, smtp/smtps, tls and mail programms

   POP3s uses the Transmission Control Protocol on port number 995.

Transmission may be encrypted using Transport Layer Security (TLS) or Secure Sockets Layer (SSL). This is negotiated in the POP3 protocol using the STLS command.

   Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) is an Internet standard for electronic mail (e-mail) transmission across Internet Protocol (IP) networks. SMTP was first defined in RFC 821 (STD 10),[1] and last updated by RFC 5321 (2008)[2] which includes the extended SMTP (ESMTP) additions, and is the protocol in widespread use today.

While electronic mail servers and other mail transfer agents use SMTP to send and receive mail messages, user-level client mail applications typically only use SMTP for sending messages to a mail server for relaying. For receiving messages, client applications usually use either the Post Office Protocol (POP) or the Internet Message Access Protocol (IMAP) to access their mailbox accounts on a mail server.

   Transport Layer Security (TLS) and its predecessor, Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), are cryptographic protocols that provide security and data integrity for communications over networks such as the Internet. TLS and SSL encrypt the segments of network connections at the Transport Layer end-to-end.

Several versions of the protocols are in wide-spread use in applications like web browsing, electronic mail, Internet faxing, instant messaging and voice-over-IP (VoIP).

TLS is an IETF standards track protocol, last updated in RFC 5246, that was based on the earlier SSL specifications developed by Netscape Corporation.


What is a mail program?


   Mail program is a program with wich you can write, read, send and save e-mail messages. Recieved and sent messages are kept on your computer disc and you can wite and read your messages without useing web interface.

   You don’t need regular internet connection, because connection to the server is only when the program checks the new mail, downloads new messages or sends the writtens ones.

   These programs often are called POP3/SMTP client-programs, because almost every contemporary mail program supports POP3 (Post Office Protocol) and SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) protocols.

Some useful mail programs:

 Microsoft Outlook Express – free e-mail client program, that is available on Microsoft operating system.


Mozilla Thunderbird – free, open-code e-mail program; available on different operating systems.


The Bat! – not for free; a program from RITLABS.


Eudora Pro – often used e-mail program, because it is working in many operating systems.


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